A study of essential oil from an invasive Piper aduncum L.

  • I Putu Agus Hendra Wibawa Bali Botanical Gardens - LIPI, Candikuning, Baturiti, Tabanan Bali 82191
  • Vienna Saraswaty Development Unit for Clean Technology - LIPI, Jl. Cisitu Sangkuriang Gd. 50 Bandung 40135
  • Farid Kuswantoro Bali Botanical Gardens - LIPI, Candikuning, Baturiti, Tabanan Bali 82191
  • Putri Sri Andila Bali Botanical Gardens - LIPI, Candikuning, Baturiti, Tabanan Bali 82191
  • Putri Kesuma Wardhani Bali Botanical Gardens - LIPI, Candikuning, Baturiti, Tabanan Bali 82191
  • I Gede Tirta Bali Botanical Gardens - LIPI, Candikuning, Baturiti, Tabanan Bali 82191
  • Wawan Sujarwo Bali Botanical Gardens - LIPI, Candikuning, Baturiti, Tabanan Bali 82191

Abstract

An invasive Piper aduncum is a plant species that potentially produces essential oil. The study aims to
determine the percentage, phytochemical compounds, and anti-fungal properties of essential oil produced
from the leaves and fruits of Piper aduncum. The study showed that the leaves and fruits of P. aduncum
contain 0.30% and 0.33% of essential oil, respectively. Apiol is the most abundant phytochemical compound
obtained in essential oil of leaves and fruits of P. aduncum with 57.10% and 66.31%, respectively. We
conclude that essential oil obtained in this study is able to inhibit the growth of both Aspergillus niger and
Cladosporium sp. but not for Fusarium oxysporum and Fusarium solani.

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Published
2019-12-30
How to Cite
WIBAWA, I Putu Agus Hendra et al. A study of essential oil from an invasive Piper aduncum L.. Jurnal Biologi Udayana, [S.l.], v. 23, n. 2, p. 50-58, dec. 2019. ISSN 2599-2856. Available at: <https://ojs.unud.ac.id/index.php/BIO/article/view/55730>. Date accessed: 26 sep. 2020. doi: https://doi.org/10.24843/JBIOUNUD.2019.v23.i02.p02.